Learn about the different parts of the brain and their functions. Explore the brain and its functions through our interactive brain model videos. Learn about the cerebellum, parietal lobe, frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe and brain stem.
The cerebellum controls movement. Voluntary muscle movements, posture and balance are controlled by the cerebellum. The cerebellum also regulates fine motor movement, like the skills used for painting a picture.
- Brain Stem
The brain stem controls most involuntary bodily functions that are vital to human existence such as heart rate, breathing, hunger and body temperature. Other fields that the brain stem controls are sensory feelings (such as hot or cold), involuntary movements of muscles, coughing and swallowing, among others.
- Occipital Lobe
The occipital lobe is responsible for vision. The occipital lobe receives and translates visual stimuli into meaningful data for the brain. The right occipital lobe analyzes visual information for the left visual field, and the left occipital lobe analyzes visual information for the right visual field.
- Parietal Lobe
The parietal lobe combines sensory information with a person’s memory to give meaning to objects. The parietal lobe is also responsible for spatial relations. It allows people to understand where their body is compared to objects around the person.
- Frontal Lobe
The frontal lobe is responsible for higher cognitive functions, like decision making. It regulates problem solving, memory, language, impulse control and emotions. The frontal lobe is also the home of consciousness, the “little voice in your head.”
- Temporal Lobe
The temporal lobes are responsible for memory, speech, learning and sense of smell. The right temporal lobe manages the recognition of faces and other visual objects. The left temporal lobe helps with remembering and understanding language, which is part of verbal memory. The back of the temporal lobe allows humans to recognize others’ emotions.