Learn about the different parts of the brain and their functions. Explore the brain and its functions through our interactive brain model videos. Learn about the cerebellum, parietal lobe, frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe and brain stem.
Located in the back of the head between the cerebrum and the brain stem, the cerebellum is considered the second largest area of the brain. The cerebellum is responsible for controlling fine motor activity and movement, such as the fine movement of fingers while painting a picture. It also controls muscle tone and limb positioning. By doing so, the cerebellum helps to maintain posture, balance, and equilibrium.
- Brain Stem
The brain stem connects the cerebrum to the spinal cord and is located in the bottom-most portion of the brain. There are three structures that make up the brain stem: the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. The brain stem is where 10 of the 12 cranial nerves begin and is responsible for such functions as hearing, muscle movements of the eyes, mouth, face, neck, and shoulders. It is also an important relay station for heart function, breathing, swallowing, and consciousness.
- Occipital Lobe
The back part of the brain is where you can find the occipital lobes. The occipital lobes are important for receiving and processing visual information. When you are viewing words or pictures on a page or even processing colors and shapes, your occipital lobes are hard at work. The left occipital lobe interprets right visual space signals, while the right occipital lobe interprets left visual space signals.
- Parietal Lobe
Located in the middle part of the brain, the parietal lobes receive signals from other areas of the brain about temperature, taste, touch, pain, movement and memory. Other functions of the parietal lobes include arithmetic and reading.
- Frontal Lobe
The frontal lobes are located in the front of the head (directly behind the forehead) and are considered the largest of the four lobes. The frontal lobes are responsible for a variety of functions. These functions include personality characteristics, smell recognition, speech, intellectual and behavorial functioning, memory, concentration, as well as voluntary movement.
- Temporal Lobe
The temporal lobes can be found at about ear level on each side of the brain. These lobes play an important role in the formation and retrieval of memories, especially those connected to music. Integration of memories such as visual memory through facial recognition as well as verbal memory through remembering and understanding language, are also functions of the temporal lobes.