Malignant gliomas may be treated with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or any combination of these treatment options. The treatment your doctor recommends depends on various factors including the type of tumor, its location, and its size.
- Involves removal of the entire tumor. If this is not possible, the surgeon will remove as much of the tumor as possible without damaging surrounding healthy tissue. Sometimes surgery may improve symptoms.
- GLIADEL® Wafer
- Considered an intraoperative chemotherapy treatment. For patients who meet the appropriate criteria, up to 8 wafers can be implanted into the surgical cavity during surgery following removal of the tumor. It can only be given during this time.
- Medical use of high energy radiation to kill malignant brain tumor cells. The purpose is to target the tumor and avoid the surrounding tissue as much as possible. It is normally administered in low doses. Involved field radiotherapy is a more precise form of radiotherapy that specifically treats the affected area of the brain. Stereotactic radiosurgery delivers a single high dose of radiation directly to the targeted tumor.
- Consists of medicines given to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be given orally, through an intravenous injection directly into the bloodstream, or implanted into the surgical cavity following removal of the tumor.
Your treatment will most likely involve a team of specialists including neurosurgeons, neuro-oncologists, medical oncologists, radiologists/radiation oncologists, neurologists, and nurses. Your treatment team may prescribe other medications to help you cope with the symptoms of your tumor or the side effects of your treatment.
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